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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 99-101

Management of chronic pain in children


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Director, Daradia: The Pain Clinic, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Rammurthy Kulkarni
Assistant Professor, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10046-0052

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Chronic pain is a common problem not only in adults but also in children. Though there are ample data regarding acute pain and its management in the pediatric age group, information regarding chronic pain in the pediatric population is seriously lacking. Prevalence of chronic pain in children and adolescents varies according to the study and is between 15 and 25%. Chronic pain often interferes with the child's participation in normal physical, academic, and social activities. Caregivers of children and adolescents with chronic pain suffer a great sense of burden, which affects their emotional, social, and family functioning. The problem is also exacerbated by the additional financial burden secondary to increased physician consultation and medication use. A better understanding of pain in children is needed in order to gain insight into its etiology. Management of chronic pain in this age group requires a multidisciplinary approach as in the adult population. While chronic pain is not well understood, there is emerging evidence that young people and their parents can recover from chronic disability, dependency, and distress and return to a normal life.


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